Atharvaveda

The Vedic collection of hymns used by the Atharvan priests in the domestic rituals. Because of its lack of connection to the larger, more public Vedic sacrifices, the Atharva Veda early on was relegated to a secondary position and denied the title Veda accorded the trayī vidyā (threefold knowledge), i.e. the Ṛg, Sāma, and Yajur Veda. The Atharvan school responded by claiming the office of the domestic priest (purohita) and officiating priest (brahman), by adding a final section of hymns (book 20) devoted specifically to one of the major sacrifices, the soma sacrifice, and by expounding a tradition of the fourfold Veda. The Atharva Veda consists of sundry hymns not easily divided into these categories. Charms, curses, hymns intended for healing, recovering, or inflicting injury are mixed with hymns of praise and speculation.

Vedas Categories

Atharva Veda - Book - 1

HYMN I

  • Now may Vachaspati assign to me the strength and powers of Those Who, wearing every shape and form, the triple seven, are wandering round.
  • Come thou again, Vachaspati, come with divine intelligence. Vasoshpati, repose thou here. In me be Knowledge, yea, in me.
  • Here, even here, spread sheltering arms like the two bow-ends strained with cord. This let Vachaspati confirm. In me be Knowledge, yea, in me.
  • Vachaspati hath been invoked: may he invite us in reply. May we adhere to Sacred Lore. Never may I be reft thereof.
Atharva Veda - Book - 2

HYMN I

  • Vena beholds That Highest which lies hidden, wherein this All resumes one form and fashion.
  • Thence Prisni milked all life that had existence: the hosts that know the light with songs extolled her.
  • Knowing Eternity, may the Gandharva declare to us that highest secret station.
  • Three steps thereof lie hidden in the darkness: he who knows these shall be the father’s father.
  • He is our kinsman, father, and begetter: he knows all beings and all Ordinances.
  • He only gave the Gods their appellations: all creatures go to him to ask direction.
  • I have gone forth around the earth and heaven, I have approached the first-born Son of Order.
  • He, putting voice, as ’twere, within the speaker, stands in the world, he, verily is Agni.
  • I round the circumjacent worlds have travelled to see the far-extended thread of Order.
  • Wherein the Gods, obtaining life eternal, have risen upward to one common birthplace.

Vedas Categories

Rigwed

Samved

Yajurved

Atherved