The Vedas are ancient Sanskrit texts of Hinduism.
The Vedas Sanskrit : are a large body of knowledge texts originating in the ancient Indian subcontinent. Composed in Vedic Sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. Hindus consider the Vedas to be not of a human but superhuman and “impersonal.
The Veda, for orthodox Indian scholars are considered discovery seen by ancient sages after intense meditation, and texts that have been more carefully preserved since ancient times. In the Hindu Epic the Mahabharata, the creation of Vedas is credited to Brahma. The Vedic hymns themselves assert that they were skillfully created by Rishis (sages). There are four Vedas: the Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda and the Atharvaveda. Each Veda has been subclassified into four major text types – the Samhitas (mantras and aasheervaad), the Aranyakas (text on rituals, ceremonies, sacrifices etc.), the Brahmanas (commentaries on rituals and sacrifices), and the Upanishads (texts discussing meditation, philosophy and spirituality). Some scholars add a fifth category – the Upasanas (worship).